Here's how cruise ship passengers get denied boarding in 2021. (and how to avoid the same fate)

This cruise ship passenger arrived just in time — to be denied boarding!

Could a cruise ship passenger be denied boarding even if they have all of the required documents for sailing?

Lee Bolland says he knows the answer to that question is “Yes” because it happened to him. In September, he and his wife planned to cruise through the Mediterranean on Norwegian Cruise Line’s Epic. The couple flew to Spain to begin their adventure, and all was going well — until it suddenly wasn’t. At the port, NCL employees shockingly denied Bolland boarding and abandoned the couple there.

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Now Bolland wants our team to show NCL the evidence that proves it mistakenly denied him boarding the cruise.

And he wants his money back.

But did NCL mistakenly deny boarding of the cruise to Bolland, or does the mistake lie elsewhere? That’s the question for today.

This tale is yet one more that underscores the mass confusion in the travel industry at this time. Whether by cruise, air, or automobile, the regulations for traversing the globe are in constant flux. And as this case will show, sometimes the rules are not exactly straightforward — especially for travelers with unique situations. Unfortunately for this cruise ship passenger, his unique situation led him to be denied boarding. Here’s his tale and guidance so you can avoid a similar fiasco.

Planning a cruise during a global pandemic

Last summer, just after his wife received her second dose of the Pfizer vaccine, the couple was eager to travel. They wanted to take a vacation to end their lockdown and the summer. The couple, residents of France, decided a cruise through the Mediterranean would be the perfect getaway.

“We chose to take a seven-day cruise beginning and ending in Barcelona,” Bolland recalled. “I called NCL and spoke to an agent who helped us book the trip.”

This graphic show the itinerary that this cruise ship passenger missed when he was denied boarding NCL's Epic.
The itinerary of NCL’s Epic that this cruise ship passenger missed when he was denied boarding in Barcelona.

Throughout August, Bolland says they kept their eye out for updates from NCL about any requirement changes for their cruise.

“We were really looking forward to this trip,” Bolland explained. “We were aware that we needed to be vaccinated against COVID and to have a negative COVID test.”

Confident that all was in order, the Bollands headed to Barcelona. There they intended to embark on the Epic for their Mediterranean cruise.

Unfortunately, they would soon find out that despite their careful planning, there was a massive problem. And that problem would be impossible to correct at the dock.

NCL: “You’re denied boarding this cruise.”

When the couple showed up at the dock in Barcelona, they saw the Epic there waiting to receive them.

Before boarding, NCL required all the cruise ship passengers to do a pre-trip COVID test.

“We dropped off our luggage and then went into the pre-cruise COVID testing tent,” Bolland reported. “But right away, it was clear something was wrong. The staff was treating us differently.”

Bolland says he wasn’t sure what was going on at first, but then an NCL representative explained.

She said I was being denied boarding the cruise. I couldn’t imagine why. I had everything I needed. Then the NCL agent told me that I wasn’t fully vaccinated against COVID. I showed her my vaccination information from my doctor. But she had made up her mind. This lady then motioned to her colleagues, pointed to us, and said, ‘Let’s get them out of here quickly.’

According to Bolland, Get them out of here quickly is precisely what the NCL employees did next. Without even a chance to plead his case, he says they were dismissed and sent to another area to wait for their luggage. A new NCL agent handed them a denied boarding explanation, turned, and left.

As the bewildered couple tried to make sense of what just happened, they felt taunted by all the excited cruise ship passengers boarding the Epic in front of their eyes. After an hour, a porter appeared with their suitcases that had been offloaded from the ship.

“At that point, we were stunned,” Bolland says. “NCL was making a mistake, and we couldn’t stop it. We couldn’t believe it was happening.”

Bolland made some calls to try to reverse the mistake before the Epic sailed away. But soon, it was clear they weren’t going to be cruising to Italy or anywhere else that day.

The couple gave up the fight. They got in a taxi and headed away from the dock as the Epic set sail in the rearview mirror.

Fact: If you’re denied boarding your cruise, you won’t get a refund

Once the shell-shocked couple returned to their home in France, Bolland contacted NCL about his expected refund.

That’s when NCL told him the harsh truth:

When a cruise ship passenger is denied boarding, they will not receive a refund or a future credit.

We recognize the time and effort in planning a cruise vacation and sincerely regret to learn of the circumstance that has interrupted your cruise vacation. And we truly sympathize with your situation. We understand that you canceled since one guest of this booking was denied boarding.

Unfortunately, as a result of your failure to strictly comply with Norwegian Cruise Line’s COVID-19 safety protocols, which are outlined in your Guest Ticket Contract and on www.ncl.com, you will not be permitted to embark on the vessel for your vacation.

While we understand your frustration and that you were unable to enjoy your cruise, regrettably, we are not offering any compensation or refund in this regard. Please contact your insurance provider for further advice. (NCL to the Bollands)

For the next several weeks, the Bollands and NCL went back and forth. Bolland continued to reiterate that he was vaccinated according to his physician, thus proving NCL made a mistake rejecting him from the cruise. But NCL did not back down. Their team continued to maintain that Bolland was not vaccinated according to any worldwide, authoritative vaccine protocol.

In exasperation, Bolland sent his plea for backup assistance to the Elliott Advocacy team.

Fact: It’s always the cruise ship passenger’s responsibility to know the correct documents for sailing

When Bollard reached out to our team, he had been fighting with NCL for the better part of two months. He had a lengthy paper trail that clarified the unusual reason why he believed he had been denied boarding in error. It also showed why the cruise line insisted it had not made a mistake.


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The paper trail further showed that both sides of this battle had valid points.

Last year, Bolland contracted COVID and recovered. In June, he received one dose of Pfizer. After that jab, his doctor gave him a health certificate that indicated Bolland’s vaccine schedule was “complete.”

As it turns out, France has adopted a vaccine protocol that is not publicly approved by the World Health Organization or the European Medicines Agency. According to the French Health Ministry, a person who has recovered from COVID is considered “fully vaccinated” after one dose of Pfizer.

I was denied boarding this NCL cruise from Barcelona on 5th September 2021 due to my vaccine protocol. As per the French government’s policy regarding vaccination [I was fully vaccinated]. I received one dose of the Pfizer vaccine as I had recovered from COVID-19 already. NCL knew this on the booking date, and no one advised that I required a second dose to board. At the time of my rejection, NCL stated that their website and documentation clearly showed the need for two injections, but that was not the case. However, they have updated the wording on their website since this happened.

But there were two problems with Bolland’s argument that he had been denied boarding in error:

  1. It is always the passenger’s responsibility to know the correct health and identification documents for cruising. Your home country does not make the documentation rules for other countries or the cruise line.
  2. Although Bolland believed that the NCL website did not clarify that it required all cruise ship passengers to have received a complete cycle of an approved vaccine to board the boat, the internet archives told a different story.
The NCL website made the vaccine requirements clear before this cruise ship passenger booked the sailing. (Graphic source: NCL website, July 2021)
Each guest must present proof that they have completed the full cycle of required doses for the vaccine administered at least two weeks before their sail date.” (Source: The NCL website as it appeared two days before Bolland booked his cruise.)

Still, I thought Bolland’s case was worth a shot to send over to NCL for review. After all, the origin of this cruise fiasco is rooted in the unorthodox vaccine protocol that France adopted. I hoped that the cruise line might consider offering this passenger a future credit.

Asking for a goodwill gesture from NCL for this cruise ship passenger

The same week that Bolland’s complaint landed on my desk, I was mediating another unusual case involving NCL. In that case, a little girl had been denied boarding her cruise after Canada had begun vaccinating 11-year-olds. As this was not an approved vaccine protocol anywhere outside of Canada, NCL had assumed the vaccine card was phony. In the end, the cruise line agreed it had denied boarding to the child in error and refunded the family.

I hoped to have a somewhat similar outcome for Bolland and his wife, although I knew this one was more tricky. Bolland really wasn’t fully vaccinated by any standard protocol anywhere in the world besides France. So NCL wasn’t wrong in rejecting him for the cruise.

But the highly unusual details of the situation deserved a second look.

Hi ***** and NCL team,

This is one other really strange case that landed in our helpline this week. It looks like not only Canada but France is also adopting unconventional vaccine policies that are confusing their citizens. Lee Bolland is a resident of France. This past summer, he went to get his COVID vaccine, and after the first dose of Pfizer, his doctor told him that he was considered fully vaccinated because he had already recovered from COVID. The doctor gave him an official document that says his vaccine schedule was “complete.” 

The Bollands were scheduled to cruise from Barcelona on NCL’s Epic on Sept. 3. He, of course, ended up being denied boarding because he only had one dose of Pfizer.

He’s hoping that NCL will consider him for a future cruise credit since his doctor and the French Health Authority branded him fully vaccinated. He’s provided me with his doctor’s notice (below), and I found quite a few articles about France’s unique way of considering its people fully vaccinated.

I do note that recently NCL has changed the wording in the vaccination blurb in its terms and conditions to address France’s unusual definition of “fully vaccinated.” That new information makes it very clear that this type of vaccination cycle is not acceptable to cruise. Unfortunately, that update came a little too late for this NCL passenger.

Given the highly unusual circumstances of this case, is there any possibility of NCL granting the couple’s request for a future do-over after he is actually fully vaccinated?

Thank you for having a look! 🚢😊 (Michelle to NCL)

NCL: “We must adhere to our established sail-safe guidelines.”

The response from NCL came right away. Unfortunately for Bolland, my winning streak during the pandemic with NCL came to a sudden end with his case. 😢

There will be no refund or future credit for this cruise fiasco.

Dear Michelle,

Thank you for forwarding Mr. Bolland’s case and for allowing us the opportunity to respond.

In review, we are, unfortunately, unable to honor any request for a future cruise credit. While we understand the frustration, our Sail Safe protocols have always stated that vaccination protocols must be recognized by the WHO or EMA (European Medicine Agency) for all our guests traveling in Europe. Mr. Bolland’s particular protocol has never been recognized, and we have no record of him calling us to confirm such prior to his sailing with us. As our information has remained consistent since the time of his booking, we must adhere to our established guidelines.

We understand this may be disappointing considering the circumstances. Please note any taxes, add-ons, or gratuities have been refunded to Mr. Bolland per standard protocols. (NCL to Michelle)

Although our team’s involvement in the case has come to an end, Bolland says that he will not accept this as the final outcome.

I was told by a qualified healthcare provider that I had completed my vaccine cycle. Why would I have questioned that? And how can NCL take my money and give me nothing in return? I will continue to fight this battle.

Top five ways a cruise ship passenger can be denied boarding in 2021

There are more ways than ever for a cruise ship passenger to get denied boarding in 2021. Here are the top five things that, if overlooked, can bar a would-be cruise ship passenger from sailing.

  1. Not having the correct identification to cruise.
    Long before the pandemic, not having the correct identification was the number one way to be denied boarding on a cruise. There are unique and somewhat flexible rules for cruising that don’t exist in other modes of international travel. For instance, although you can take some international cruises without a passport, you can never fly internationally without one. As Earl Wentzel found out — if you show up even a minute too late to board your cruise and you don’t have a passport, you won’t be able to fly internationally to catch up to the ship. But no matter what ID you choose to use, you must check with the U.S. State Department and ensure that you have all the required documentation for every location on your itinerary. And don’t forget to check if you need a visa for any part of your cruise. As we’ve seen in the past, if you fail to verify this information before boarding, you could end up getting offloaded from your cruise halfway around the world, as happened to William Coates and his wife in Korea. You can avoid that fate by checking visa requirements at VisaCentral.
  2. Failing to provide the original documents.
    If you’re a regular reader of this site, you probably recall the case of the lady who thought she could cruise to Canada with just a printout from Ancestry com. While the rejection of that passenger at the cruise port seems like an obvious conclusion, she’s not the only person who has contacted us after doing some DIY home printing of documents for their cruising ID. Not surprisingly, these passengers were denied boarding of their cruise as well. Travelers must understand that the documents provided at check-in must be originals. Birth certificates and citizenship papers must have a raised seal. For driver’s licenses and passports, the traveler must present the physical document. Scanned copies, iPhone photos, and other facsimiles will not be sufficient for boarding a cruise or entering a foreign destination. And, of course, it goes without saying (or does it?) that a library card will not grant you entry to any foreign land or cruise ship. (See: No, you can’t fly internationally with just a library card.)
  3. Not being fully vaccinated against the coronavirus.
    Since June, not being fully vaccinated against the coronavirus has been the most common reason cruise ship passengers are denied boarding. There are two reasons for this phenomenon. The first is that, as was true before the pandemic as well, some travelers fail to do even basic research before heading out into the world on an adventure. While in past times, this laissez-faire approach had varied success, in today’s confusing and constantly changing times, the success rate for this type of traveler has plummeted. For the foreseeable future, cruise ship passengers on all major lines must be vaccinated or they will be denied boarding. The other reason we’ve seen a dramatic increase in cruise ship passengers being rejected at the dock is confusion about the definition of “fully vaccinated.” Unfortunately, for the subject of today’s story, his home country has one definition, but the cruise line had another. Remember: For traveling, the only definition of “fully vaccinated” that matters is the one given by your cruise line and the governments of the destinations you’ll visit. In most cases, that definition will align with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). And both the WHO and the CDC indicate a person is fully vaccinated two weeks after the second dose of the two-shot vaccine or two weeks after the single-dose J&J vaccine. Make sure to read your cruise line’s requirements very carefully, and be sure you understand and follow that information.
  4. Not understanding the requirements and not getting clarification.
    The place to get clarification for any of your questions about your requirements for cruising is not on the dock. But time and again, our team receives requests for help from cruise ship passengers who were denied boarding because they failed to ask questions until it was too late. These are strange and confusing times for travel. If you don’t want to invest a significant amount of time in the often laborious process of researching the rules for navigating the world, you probably should not travel this year. But if you choose to do so, make sure to bookmark IATA’s Timatic tool, which will allow you to check your personal health and identification requirements for all destinations on your itinerary (including transit points). This tool is free to use, and all travelers should visit the site frequently before and even during their trips since we know entry and transit rules are changing at warp speed.
  5. Not using a professional travel advisor.
    Of course, the mere fact that you didn’t use a travel advisor will not, in and of itself, cause you to be denied boarding. But we know that most of the situations brought to us by distraught rejected travelers could have been avoided had they engaged a professional travel advisor. There has probably never been a time when the services of an in-the-know expert have been more valuable. The constant changes to the rules and regulations for travel can be bewildering even to the savviest traveler. Professional travel advisors know how to keep up with those changes and will ensure their clients don’t end up on the dreaded denied boarding list. You can use this tool to find an ASTA-verified professional travel advisor who specializes in your intended destination and mode of travel. (Michelle Couch-Friedman, Elliott Advocacy)

Should NCL have offered this cruise ship passenger a future credit as a goodwill gesture?

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