Are cruise lines doing enough to protect their passengers?

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By Christopher Elliott

Pat Busovicki’s Eastern Caribbean cruise on the Carnival Dream almost ended in a nightmare.

One afternoon, after plummeting down its Twister water slide, she says, she found herself trapped in a dangerous undertow. “I couldn’t get out,” remembers the retired librarian from Westlake, Ohio. She says that crew members didn’t assist her. Only after her sister cried for help did another passenger jump into the water and rescue her.

Busovicki, like a small but growing group of consumer advocates and passengers, believes that cruise lines aren’t doing enough to protect their customers. Despite an industry effort to regulate itself, consumer groups are asking the government for tougher rules that would ensure them safer passage.

When Busovicki visited the ship’s doctor, he told her that she’d nearly drowned in the pool. The experience put a damper on the rest of her vacation. She says that she was disappointed when Carnival didn’t try to make up for the incident.

Carnival cruise line was “extremely sorry”

In an e-mail, Carnival said that it’s “extremely sorry” for what happened to her. It insisted that it followed safety procedures similar to those for land-based water slides.

“The safety and well-being of our guests are at the forefront of our mind on all cruises. They also want to make sure that you have a fun and memorable vacation coming a close second,” the company said. Carnival offered her a $100 credit as a “gesture of goodwill.”

A Carnival representative reviewed Busovicki’s claim after she contacted me. She said that the firm had handled her case by the book. Not only are its shipboard slides designed with safety in mind, the representative said, but an undertow is unlikely, since the landing trough is a flattened-out, shallow extension of the slide, with at least four team members staffing the area at all times.

She was treated with care and compassion

“She was treated with care and compassion both from our medical team and our guest services staff. A full examination of what she reported was conducted,” said Carnival spokeswoman Jennifer de la Cruz. “The guest services team followed up with her several times. They also had an in-person meeting with her so that she could share her concerns, according to the ship’s notes.”

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The cruise industry claims that trips are safe and travelers are protected. This is despite congressional hearings and passenger accounts that have suggested otherwise. In an attempt to preempt government regulation, the industry adopted a “passenger bill of rights”. The right addressed some of the most common cruise complaints. The document gave customers the right to get off a docked ship if food, water and medical care can’t adequately be provided on board. The right to a full refund for a trip that’s canceled because of mechanical failures. And the right to have full-time, professional emergency medical attention available aboard ocean cruises.

The bill of rights didn’t give passengers any real additional rights

But is the self-imposed bill of rights, which is now more than a year old, enough to ensure cruise passengers’ safety? Some industry watchers are doubtful. “The bill of rights didn’t give passengers any real additional rights,” says Kendall Carver, chairman of the International Cruise Victims Association. “Instead, it was a PR move.”

What are cruise lines trying to avoid? A proposed law called the Cruise Passenger Protection Act. Among other things, the bill would compel cruise lines to offer customers a clear, upfront summary of the restrictive terms and conditions in cruise contracts. It would also give the federal government more authority to protect cruise ship passengers, including investigating complaints such as Busovicki’s. In addition, the proposed law would make all alleged crimes on cruise ships publicly available information. The FBI currently reports only crimes that are no longer under investigation, leaving passengers with the impression that cruises are practically crime-free. (Related: Aren’t you glad you’re not on a cruise?)

Although the industry’s effort to self-regulate slowed momentum in Congress, it didn’t stall the proposed law entirely. The bill’s sponsor, Sen. Jay Rockefeller (D-W.Va.), who’s chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, is trying to incorporate parts of the bill’s language into an upcoming Coast Guard reauthorization bill. That follows a Senate hearing this summer in which passengers testified about the lack of consumer protections.

The Cruise Passenger Protection Act

The Cruise Passenger Protection Act is necessary to “level the playing field” for passengers, according to Edward Bassett Jr., a Boston attorney who specializes in transportation policy. He notes that some of the laws that apply to cruise ships are more than a century old. They were passed to encourage shipbuilding rather than consumer protection. “In the past, the courts have liberally construed these statutes in the ship owner’s favor,” he says. “New legislation is needed to give passengers from this country meaningful legal rights which can be enforced here in the United States.”

The cruise industry disagrees. “The Cruise Passenger Protection Act is a solution in search of a problem that punitively singles out the cruise industry. It creates a new federal bureaucracy at taxpayer expense. This will likely increase the cost to consumers in taking a cruise,” says Michael McGarry. He is a spokesman for the Cruise Lines International Association. (Related: Will a new law force cruise lines to better report onboard crime?)

Although it can sometimes be a challenge to separate rhetoric from reality on this issue, there are practical takeaways for anyone planning a cruise this fall. Consider an insurance policy with a medical evacuation benefit, so that if you fall ill, you can return to the States quickly. Medical care aboard ships, despite claims to the contrary, is not always up to American standards.

Take lots of photos for evidence

Take a camera and use it to collect evidence if there’s an incident on board. Cruise lines usually videotape common areas. Unfortunately, they won’t give you the footage to protect you, says Jack Hickey, a maritime lawyer based in Miami. “Get the full names, addresses, e-mail addresses and cell numbers of all witnesses.” (Related: Can you trust the cruise lines’ new passenger “bill of rights“?)

For now, government regulators may be powerless to mediate matters such as customer satisfaction, billing issues or itinerary changes. It isn’t stopping them from trying. The Federal Maritime Commission’s little-known Cruise Passenger Assistance program can contact a cruise line on the passenger’s behalf and facilitate “a discussion” of the problem. They can be contacted at 866-448-9546 or by e-mail at [email protected]. A competent travel agent can help if you have a customer-service problem.

Until the proposed laws are enacted — if indeed they ever are — it’s best to take the same precautions you would on a land-based resort vacation.

Do cruise lines need to be more regulated by the government?

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Christopher Elliott

Christopher Elliott is the founder of Elliott Advocacy, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that empowers consumers to solve their problems and helps those who can't. He's the author of numerous books on consumer advocacy and writes three nationally syndicated columns. He also publishes the Elliott Report, a news site for consumers, and Elliott Confidential, a critically acclaimed newsletter about customer service. If you have a consumer problem you can't solve, contact him directly through his advocacy website. You can also follow him on X, Facebook, and LinkedIn, or sign up for his daily newsletter.

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