As airline complaints soar, the government comes to the rescue

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By Christopher Elliott

Kendra Thornton is an unlikely candidate for government aid, but when Frontier Airlines recently denied her a seat on a flight from Chicago to Denver, that’s exactly what she got.

Thornton and her three young children were headed to a ranch vacation in Missoula, Mont. When they tried to check in for their flight at Chicago’s O’Hare airport, an airline representative informed her family that they’d forfeited their seats.

“Frontier said they’d tried to contact us through our travel agency to tell us our first flight was oversold,” she says. “When they didn’t hear back, they canceled our seats.”

Thornton, who runs a Chicago travel agency and is a regularly featured expert on travel appearing on local TV, says she’s certain the airline had her email address. She had to pay an extra $2,400 to fly to Montana on another airline. Frontier refunded the unused tickets, but nothing more.

Can the government help with this complaint?

Frontier should have offered Thornton and her kids 400 percent of their one-way fare, up to a $1,350 maximum per passenger, for being denied boarding. And it’s a little-known fact that the Department of Transportation’s Aviation Consumer Protection Division helps consumers such as her.

For years, the Transportation Department relied on big fines to deter violations of federal law by airlines. Under the current leadership, however, the emphasis seems to be shifting to advocacy for individuals.

The agency received 15,770 consumer complaints and responded to 2,009 information requests from members of the public during the first nine months of this year. Yet it has issued fewer fines. So far in 2015, it has only 14 consent orders assessing $2.4 million in civil penalties to its credit, compared with 23 consent orders and $2.6 million in penalties from last year.

That puts the agency on track to perform the fewest enforcements and assess the lowest amount of penalties in seven years. But as far as the agency is concerned, it is responding to increasing dissatisfaction from air travelers by helping them one-on-one.

Southwest Airlines is dedicated to the highest quality of customer service delivered with a sense of warmth, friendliness, individual pride, and Company Spirit. We are committed to providing our employees with a stable work environment with equal opportunity for learning and personal growth.

Airlines must treat passengers “fairly” when they complain

“Airline passengers have a right to be treated fairly, and the department is committed to using all the tools at its disposal to ensure that this happens,” Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx told me. “We will continue to work with airlines to make air travel more convenient and hassle-free for consumers.”

This year’s crop of consent orders does contain some precedent-setting punishments.

This year, the government fined Southwest Airlines a record $1.6 million for violating federal rules involving lengthy tarmac delays. The DOT alleged that Southwest failed to offer passengers an opportunity to deplane within three hours of arrival. (Here’s what you need to know about travel and money.)

The DOT slapped Hawaiian Airlines with a smaller fine for shorting customers on compensation for mishandled baggage. The agency levied a $160,000 fine after learning that Hawaiian had a policy limiting reimbursement for damages associated with delayed baggage to $30 a day for a maximum of three days — far less than the $3,500 minimum level required by federal law.

It also dinged Hawaiian for a promotion with its co-branded credit card that offered a “one-time 50 percent round-trip companion travel discount” for flights between North America and Hawaii if consumers signed up for the card. The airline showed customers a higher fare when they attempted to apply the 50 percent discount, the department alleged.

Got a complaint? Contact the Transportation Department

When Thornton asked me to help her recover the $2,400 ticket, I recommended she first try contacting the DOT. (You can do it online at or by phone at 202-366-2220). Her case was a clear-cut violation of federal law. So I wanted to give the agency a crack at it first. (Here’s my complete guide to fixing an airline problem.)

Within hours, Thornton had a response from a DOT aviation analyst. Davis shared her case with Frontier. Within a week, the airline promised to refund her for the additional tickets she had to purchase.

A check arrived a few days later. Thornton says she’s thankful to Frontier for doing the right thing and glad to put the experience behind her. But, she admits, she didn’t know the DOT could help her. (Related: Flight experience disparities, I think I’m going to vomit.)

“I’ve grown up in the travel industry and thought I’d seen and knew it all, but this situation stumped me. I’m grateful the DOT was able to help. It’s definitely something I’m going to pass along to my audience,” she says.

Why do airlines respond so quickly to problems such as Thornton’s — other than the reason that they may be violating federal law? Maybe they’re afraid of my advocacy team. Then again, perhaps they know something passengers don’t: If they don’t, they could soon find themselves paying an even bigger fine.

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Christopher Elliott

Christopher Elliott is the founder of Elliott Advocacy, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that empowers consumers to solve their problems and helps those who can't. He's the author of numerous books on consumer advocacy and writes three nationally syndicated columns. He also publishes the Elliott Report, a news site for consumers, and Elliott Confidential, a critically acclaimed newsletter about customer service. If you have a consumer problem you can't solve, contact him directly through his advocacy website. You can also follow him on X, Facebook, and LinkedIn, or sign up for his daily newsletter.

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